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Moscow: The Capital of Russia
For centuries, Moscow has been resilient. It faced waves of invaders (Mongols, Napoleon, and Hitler) and survived. Because of this, Moscow reigned as the most influential territory in Russia, replacing Kiev. Moscow is occupied by various immigrants including Armenians and Ukrainians. Many migrated during Moscow’s rapid growth, especially in the 21st century. It is now an extremely diverse city.
Moscow is surrounded by beautiful architecture that the residents have preserved well, juxtaposing ancient neighborhoods with skyscrapers. Every building and monument has a significance since everyone has a story to tell.
One of the most historic (built in 1550) is Saint Basil’s Cathedral. This is the first landmark that would come to one’s mind when talking about Moscow. Although the roots of its architectural style cannot be easily traced, the cathedral remains the most illustrious and unlike any other.
Commemorating Russian men and women’s accomplishments in space travel is the Monument to the Conquerors of Space, a towering obelisk of titanium that is created to be soaring like a rocket launching with a poem written at the base of the monument, symbolizing the great contribution of the Russians in spaceflight.
The Ostankino Tower, a TV and radio tower, is also a spot for adventurers. The highest freestanding building in Europe can be visited up to the top where one can see all of Moscow. The tower also has a rotating restaurant below the observation deck.
Moscow is also the home of the most extensive and most elegant underground railway in the world can be found—the Moscow Metro. It used to be a shelter during the war, and when the people got used to hiding underground, shops and libraries were built. The subway system now has its own landmarks and even rules; it can be an underground city itself.
The most significant events in the history of Russia and the political background of Moscow happened in Kremlin and Red Square, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because of its numerous museums and theaters, Moscow is considered as the heart of Russian culture.
Moscow’s Historical Background
Moscow was called the third Rome by the Orthodox monk Philotheus (Filofei) when he wrote in one of the epistles, "All the Christian kingdoms have come to an end and have converged in the single kingdom of our sovereign. Two Romes fell, a third stands, and there will not be a fourth one."
The first time people heard of Moscow was in 1147 when it was mentioned in the chronicles. That happened centuries ago when Prince Yury Dolgoruky had a feast with friends in the town of Moskva after a successful negotiation. Since then, the people considered that as the founding year of Moscow and the prince as the founder. Soon it was called Moskov and has evolved over the years, hence the English name Moscow.
In 1328, Moscow, which was then a little town, became a big city and was declared as Russia’s capital. However, in 1712, Peter the Great moved the capital to St. Petersburg. It was not until the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 that the capital was moved back to Moscow. Since the Soviet era, Moscow developed into a megalopolis and today is one of Europe’s largest cities.
The Rich Heritage of Moscow, Russia
There is so much to take in about the capital city of Russia. Here are some of them:
- Russian is the official language, but there are over 100 languages spoken by its people.
- Russians appear to be rude and cold to foreigners because of being straightforward.
- People from Moscow are also called Muscovites.
- Matryoshka dolls (Russian nesting dolls) are the popular souvenirs.
- The biggest holiday is Maslenitsa, and they serve blini (pancake) during this time.
- There are around 2,700 restaurants in Moscow.
- Moscow State University is the world’s largest university.
- Stromynka Street is older than Moscow.
- Moscow is one of the most expensive cities in the world.
- Families usually have a dacha (summer cottage).
- A person can have multiple names.
- Before the wedding ceremony, the bride gets kidnapped and the groom must pay ransom.
- In giving flowers, if the number of stems is even, it means it’s for a funeral.
- Russian literature is treated with utmost respect.
- he Luzhniki Park was one of 1980 Olympic Games’ arenas.
- The Kremlin is the Russian president’s workplace.
- Vodka is the national beverage, but tea is also a favorite
- "Moscow does not believe in tears" is a famous Russian expression.
Moscow is also where the most beautiful Russian women can be found. If you have been dreaming of meeting Russian women for marriage, you should know the Russian dating culture before going on a date with one. Sign up now, and let our professional matchmakers help you.